Semiotics of behavior in early modern diplomacy : Polish embassies in Istanbul and Bahçesaray

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Show simple item record Kołodziejczyk, Dariusz 2015-02-11T13:59:28Z 2015-02-11T13:59:28Z 2003
dc.identifier.citation "Journal of Early Modern History" vol. 7, issue 3 (2003), pp. 245-256. en
dc.identifier.issn 1570-0658
dc.identifier.issn 1385-3783
dc.description.abstract Ceremonial has always played a great role among European and Middle Eastern societies, reflecting the value systems cherished by their elites. Embassy instructions and envoys' reports provide valuable material concerning codes of behavior in early modern diplomacy. What was considered "proper," and how was an envoy expected to behave in order to stress his sovereign's dignity and power? Oriental courts in Istanbul and Bahçesaray developed elaborate ceremonials for foreign envoys. Forced into a deep prostration before the Muslim ruler, sometimes even threatened with physical violence, Polish envoys deeply resented their humiliation. Some of them sought comfort in alcohol, others produced fabulous reports of their imaginary altercations with Ottoman and Crimean dignitaries, and others found pleasure and revenge in contemptuous descriptions of their hosts' "barbarous" habits. Until recently, such diplomatic reports have been used in Polish historiography almost uncritically. Yet such reports often tell us more about their authors' mentalities than about the world they pretend to describe. en
dc.language.iso en pl
dc.publisher Brill Academic Publishers pl
dc.rights Wszelkie prawa zastrzeżone
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.subject Polish-Turkish relations en
dc.subject Ottoman Empire en
dc.subject Polish ambassadors en
dc.subject Ottoman court ceremonial en
dc.subject embassy instructions en
dc.subject diplomatic reports en
dc.subject diplomatic history en
dc.subject stosunki polsko-tureckie pl
dc.subject Imperium Osmańskie pl
dc.subject ambasadorowie polscy pl
dc.subject etykieta dworska pl
dc.subject instrukcje poselskie pl
dc.subject raporty dyplomatyczne pl
dc.subject historia dyplomacji pl
dc.subject 16th c. en
dc.subject 17th c. en
dc.subject 16 w. pl
dc.subject 17 w. pl
dc.title Semiotics of behavior in early modern diplomacy : Polish embassies in Istanbul and Bahçesaray en
dc.type artykuł pl
dc.contributor.organization Instytut Historyczny Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego pl
dc.description.eperson Agnieszka Uziębło
dc.relation.lcategory historia pl
dc.identifier.alternativelocation pl

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